Children in Engllish schools take SATs twice during their school career.
The first time is in Key Stage 1, when they will have tests in Year 2, at the end of infants (aged 7). They are tested in maths and English (reading and spelling, punctuation and grammar). Teachers generally try to keep the testing procedure informal – the papers are not strictly timed, and are usually taken in a normal classroom situation to keep the pressure off children.
In Years 3, 4 and 5 some schools test end-of-year progress by using tests known as optional SATs. The results won’t be nationally recorded, but optional SATs help teachers assess children’s progress and are used to help children get used to working in exam conditions.
The next time your child will take SATs will be in Key Stage 2 in Year 6, aged 11. More formal than Key Stage 1, these written tests (in English, maths and sometimes science) are 45 minutes long and can be quite daunting for this age group. The papers are sent away for marking and the results are known before children leave primary school in July.